- Graduate Education
- Ph.D University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2007)
- Postdoc University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2007-2011)
- Joined Texas A&M in 2012
Cellular Decision Making in Bacteria
Living systems make decisions by integrating information from their environments in order to optimize their own fitness. This decision-making process has many intricacies, with a dual nature characterized by stochasticity and determinism, and considerable effort has been dedicated to characterizing the factors contributing to cell-fate heterogeneity. Our primary goal is to determine how multiple environmental and genetic factors, some deterministic and some stochastic, impact developmental outcomes. We choose to study paradigms of cellular decision-making such as bacteriophage lambda lytic-lysogenic development to simplify the complicated nature of cell-fate selection. By distilling the study of a ubiquitous and vital process into basic questions, we hope to generate new insights into how decision-making affects cellular development and differentiation in higher organisms.
We utilize high-resolution live-cell fluorescence microscopy, single-molecule fluorescence microscopy, quantitative data analysis, and simple mathematical modeling to mechanistically dissect the decision-making processes at single-cell/molecule levels. Our favorite biological models are the lysis-lysogeny systems of bacteria and their viruses, like E. coli being infected by paradigm phages lambda and P1. By revisiting established systems with a new, technologically advanced perspective, we are able to reveal previously hidden complexities to better understand the nature of living cells.
To put it simply, we ask this: How do cells make decisions?
Our simple answer: Well, they do it quite beautifully!
Trinh, JT, Alkahtani, MH, Rampersaud, I, Rampersaud, A, Scully, M, Young, RF et al.. Fluorescent Nanodiamond-bacteriophage Conjugates Maintain Host Specificity. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2018; :.
Guan, J, Shi, X, Burgos, R, Zeng, L. Visualization of phage DNA degradation by a type I CRISPR-Cas system at the single-cell level. Quant Biol. 2017;5 (1):67-75.
Cortes, MG, Trinh, JT, Zeng, L, Balázsi, G. Late-Arriving Signals Contribute Less to Cell-Fate Decisions. Biophys. J. 2017;113 (9):2110-2120.
Banu, SK, Stanley, JA, Taylor, RJ, Sivakumar, KK, Arosh, JA, Zeng, L et al.. Sexually Dimorphic Impact of Chromium Accumulation on Human Placental Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis. Toxicol. Sci. 2018;161 (2):375-387.
Trinh, JT, Zeng, L. Virus interactions: cooperation or competition? Future Microbiol. 2017;12 :561-564.
Trinh, JT, Székely, T, Shao, Q, Balázsi, G, Zeng, L. Cell fate decisions emerge as phages cooperate or compete inside their host. Nat Commun. 2017;8 :14341.
Wang, G, Zhang, R, Gomez, ME, Yang, L, Levy Zamora, M, Hu, M et al.. Persistent sulfate formation from London Fog to Chinese haze. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2016;113 (48):13630-13635.
Shao, Q, Trinh, JT, McIntosh, CS, Christenson, B, Balázsi, G, Zeng, L et al.. Lysis-lysogeny coexistence: prophage integration during lytic development. Microbiologyopen. 2017;6 (1):.
Fan, X, Duan, X, Tong, Y, Huang, Q, Zhou, M, Wang, H et al.. The Global Reciprocal Reprogramming between Mycobacteriophage SWU1 and Mycobacterium Reveals the Molecular Strategy of Subversion and Promotion of Phage Infection. Front Microbiol. 2016;7 :41.
Shao, Q, Hawkins, A, Zeng, L. Phage DNA dynamics in cells with different fates. Biophys. J. 2015;108 (8):2048-60.